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Music as medicine:Can music be used to treat specific health problems?

Music as medicine:Can music be used to treat specific health problems?

health and music_k7lifestyle

New research published on Bottom Line Health by Suzanne B. Hanser (Berklee College of Music) confirms that it helps fight high blood pressure, insomnia and pain.

A growing body of research suggests that music can affect key areas of the brain that help stabilize specific physiological functions necessary to maintain a state of healthy operation. Exactly which type of music to use is down to subjective tastes but the medical conditions can be improved by listening to suitable music

High blood pressure

The hypothalamus controls the autonomic nervous system, which stabilizes our breathing and our heartbeat. It also is linked to emotional activity.
How music helps: The appropriate music can activate happy past memories or images – the hypothalamus then helps slow the heart and respiration rate and subsequently lowers blood pressure.
Scientific evidence: The British Journal of Health Psychology published results from a study in which 75 adults performed a taxing three-minute math problem. Afterward they were made to listen to silence, classical, jazz, or pop music. Those who heard classical music had substantially lower systolic (top number) blood pressure levels than those who heard no music at all. Blood pressure did not significantly improve in people who listened to the music from the other genres.


The average time it takes for a healthy adult to fall asleep is 30 minutes, adults aged 50 and older often have more trouble falling, and staying asleep.
How music helps: Tranquil, relaxing music reduces the amount of the stress-related neurotransmitter noradrenalin that circulates in the bloodstream, having a sedative effect.
Scientific evidence: A study was conducted at Tzu-Chi General Hospital in Taiwan with sixty people aged 60 to 83 that all suffered sleeping difficulties. The study lasted three weeks and researchers reported a 35% improvement in length of sleep, sleep quality, sleep disturbances, and daytime dysfunction in those subjects who listened to soft, slow piano music at night. Piano versions of popular “oldies,” New Age, harp, classical and slow jazz proved to be the most effective types of music used in the study.


How music helps: While music can not eradicate pain it can help alleviate it by creating a secondary stimulus that diverts attention away from the discomfort.
Scientific evidence: The Journal of Advanced Nursing published results from a 14 day study in which 66 older adults with osteoarthritis pain sat quietly for 20 minutes daily, while another group listened to music. Those who listened to music reported a significant decrease in pain.

How does music mend a broken heart?


A 2013 study published in the Journal of Consumer Research showed that people prefer certain music based on recent experiences. For example, a person who just had a frustrating exchange with someone was more likely to choose angry music. Likewise, those with a broken heart chose sad music. And, according to the research, in some cases the brokenhearted say they would prefer to hear a weepy breakup tune rather than cry on the shoulder of an empathetic friend.

New research suggest an aesthetic experience that reflects a person’s mood can help calm emotional turmoil. Thus, sad music or books may help someone get through heartbreak.

The sadness and grief following a broken relationship is part of the human condition — a time when we look for a surrogate to replace the lost personal bond.

Prior research has reported that individuals in a negative mood prefer pleasant, positive aesthetic experiences (cheerful music, or comedies) to counter their negative feelings.

Researchers discovered a preference for sad music was significantly higher when an individual had experienced an interpersonal loss (losing a personal relationship) versus an impersonal loss (losing a competition).

Investigators say the study shows that interpersonal relationships influence a preference for aesthetic experiences.

That is, individuals seek and experience emotional companionship with music, films, novels, and the fine arts as a substitute for lost and troubled relationships.



Is facebook your friend or enemy in loneliness?

Is facebook your friend or enemy in loneliness?


If you think that no other age group is more vulnerable to loneliness than the elderly, go check your backyard. The mammoth rise of the internet and emergence of various social media platforms have left many young Indians – some as young as 14 – socially isolated, lonely and, eventually, in the grip of chronic depression that can take their lives.

Not just leading to suicidal tendencies, the feeling of being lonely can make you sick, very sick if not addressed clinically and socially well in time.loneliness can be a trigger to self-suicidal ideation in young people. It can also affect their overall well-being. Loneliness can affect you physically and psychologically – draining people and leaving a huge vacuum in their life, thus putting them at suicide risk.

“Total social isolation in young people can lead to depression, increases chances of Alzheimer’s later in life and chances of death by suicide or increased physical ailments,” Dr. Madhuri Singh, a leading psychiatrist from Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital in Mumbai, said.

In the virtual world, such lonely souls will, in fact, drift further away from the real interaction which is a must for the healthy functioning of mind and body, she added.

The rise in internet and smartphone addiction among children is fast becoming a worrying trend for Indian parents.

According to a global research, loneliness leads to fight-or-flight stress that can ultimately affect the production of white blood cells.Essentially, lonely people had a less effective immune response and more inflammation than non-lonely people, a team from the University of Chicago and the University of California-Los Angeles found.

“The ‘danger signals’ activated in the brain by loneliness ultimately affect the production of white blood cells. The resulting shift may both propagate loneliness and contribute to its associated health risks,” the researchers noted in a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Loneliness takes a toll on your physical health as well where you tend to survive on unhealthy diets. Stress can culminate in the form of binge eating which is dangerous as you tend to eat unhealthy food. It can also lead to a condition of hypertension and lethargy. People who live alone have a lower diversity of food intake and consumption of core food groups like fruits, vegetables and fish.

Remedy-Invest in relationships and stay out of the virtual world as much as possible.

10 Technologies That Failed To Retain Their Dominance

10 Technologies That Failed To Retain Their Dominance


There were technologies that were fervently celebrated by the consumers and dreaded by competitors. They had ruled the tech world like undefeatable lords with bright future. But now their glory is now extinct. Maybe because consumers developed a new taste for better things or they fell to competitors. Read on to know 10 technologies that failed to retain their dominance as compiled by ITWORLD.

  1. #Wang word processor
  2. #Netscape
  3. #Flickr
  4. #IBM PC
  5. #WordPerfect
  6. #Sun Microsystems
  7. #RIM
  8. #Myspace
  9. #Atari 2600
  10. For more info, click here

LG G Flex with 6-inch Curved Display launched in India – Read & Share

LG G Flex with 6-inch Curved Display launched in India – Read & Share


LG G Flex with 6-inch Curved Display launched in India : Notably, the LG G Flex with a whopping price of Rs. 69,999 has become one of most costly smartphones available in the Indian market leaving behind the Apple iPhone 5s, Samsung Galaxy Note 3 and HTC One Max.

The Android 4.2.2 Jelly Bean-based G Flex is powered by a quad-core 2.26GHz Snapdragon 800 (MSM8974) processor with an Adreno 330 GPU, and 2GB of RAM. It features a 13-megapixel rear camera, and a 2.1-megapixel front-facing camera. The G Flex is powered by a 3,500mAh battery, weighs 177 grams, and is 7.9mm at its thinnest, while being 8.7mm at its thickest.
As for the 6-inch curved display, LG has used a curved OLED panel, which is also built on plastic substrates instead of glass, supposedly giving the phone better durability. The display features Real RGB technology to provide all three sub-pixels in one pixel, thereby making it “brighter and more precise.”

LG has also included a new ‘self-healing’ coating on the back cover, an elastic coating that supposedly has the ability to “recover from the daily wear-and-tear scratches and nicks that un-cased smartphones are likely to receive.” The LG G Flex’s self-healing capabilities have also been creating a buzz worldwide.



How to Be Successful in Life – Must Read and Share

How to Be Successful in Life – Must Read and Share


How to Be Successful in Life : In such a fast moving and ambitious life, we all want to be successful but only few can achieve it either in Personal or Professional Life.

We are putting together few common practices of Successful people around the world. Remember these focal are not drawn from Interviews but are the observation and lot of research has been thrown to know the reason why they are successful.

1. Identify your passions : Before you can achieve success, you will have to define what success means to you. While it may take years to realize what you want to do with your life, identifying your passions, interests, and values will help you set goals and give your life a sense of meaning. Ask yourself the following questions:

What do you want your legacy to be?
How would you like to be remembered by others?
How do you want to make your community a better place?
What are your subjects of interest?

2. Make a list of your goals, and what you might do to achieve them : Be sure to address both short-term and long-term goals; try to think beyond financial/career goals.
3. Consider which subjects you enjoyed studying in school, and why : This can help give you an idea of what you may be best at or more interested in.
4. Live purposefully : In order to achieve your dreams and be the person you want to be. You will have to start paying attention to your actions. Ask yourself, is what I’m doing going to lead me to where I want to be in life?
If you find yourself constantly bored, daydreaming about the future or past or counting down the minutes until the day ends, it is probably because you feel disconnected from what you’re doing. Consider changing careers or majors to a field that you care about but remember that it could mean changes you are not thinking of. Does that job pay enough to support yourself? Is it something you might get bored of eventually? Do I really want to commit to that job?
5. Cherish your time : Try to spend your free time doing things that you enjoy doing, rather than wasting time. For example, rather than spending your weekends watching television, spend them partaking in your hobbies or spending time with loved ones.
Remember that the concept of “wasted time” is relative. Not everything you do has to be productive in the conventional sense, but it should be engaging and enjoyable.
6. Be Socialize : Be ready to participate in social functions. Be open to new acquaintances. Meet new people and deal with them respectfully and enthusiastically. Be an active listener; you will surely learn something new.
7. Accept challenge : Through challenge you will reach areas of your personality you have never discovered before. It is a good idea to step away from your comfort zone to explore new horizons. If you settle into a routine and play it safe all the time, you will never get ahead in your career. ‘If you always do what you’ve always done, you’ll only get what you’ve already got’
8. Enjoy the present moment : If you are constantly dwelling on the past or daydreaming about the future, you are missing out on the present moment. Remember that the past and the future are simply illusions, and that real life takes place here and now.
Start paying attention to negative thoughts so that you can learn to silence them and enjoy the present moment. If a negative thought arises in your head, then acknowledge it, label it a negative thought, and then let it fade away.
Get in the habit of paying attention to the small details around you. Appreciate the feeling of the sun on your skin, the sensation of your feet walking on the ground, or the artwork in the restaurant you are eating in. Noticing things like these will help you silence a rambling mind and appreciate every moment.
9. Sell Joy : “Stop focusing on selling your product or service; instead, focus on the joy your company creates, and let that drive your growth. Scale the joy. Systematize how you deliver the joy. Sell the joy.
10. Deliver Happiness : “I am a huge fan of the Zappos “delivering happiness” movement. I think that the paradigm for how companies and customers interact is changing in a big way. When I see examples of terrible customer service, it makes me shake my head. Delighting your customers is the fastest way to grow a hugely successful business.
11. Don’t Be Afraid to Fire Customers : “You cannot please everyone, so find the customers who fit your company, and don’t waste your time on customers who don’t
12. Don’t Work All the Time : “When I was young, I used to pull all-nighters a few times a week and would average only a few hours of sleep a night. Looking back, my life was totally unbalanced. I was far less productive and extremely unhealthy in general. Now, I have dinner with my kids, work out every day, do yoga, maintain a reasonable balance and get way more done than when I “worked” more hours.

Tips to Strengthen Your Self-Confidence

Tips to Strengthen Your Self-Confidence


Tips to Strengthen Your Self-Confidence : When you believe in yourself and you’re sure that you’ll succeed at something, you have self-confidence. Throughout life, your level of self-confidence might fluctuate when you’re faced with challenging situations. However, you have the power to build your self-confidence.

Although parents can encourage young children to believe in themselves, as an adult, only you hold the keys to strengthening your own confidence.
If you find that you’re feeling less self-assured than you’d like, you can step up and take action to shore yourself back up. Review the following strategies to find inspiration.

  1. Stand like you have confidence.
  2. Challenge your beliefs.
  3. Do something you love.
  4. Celebrate your achievements.
  5. Select a mentor to guide you.
  6. Identify what you’re doing right in your life and Talk about that.
  7. Pretend you’re self-confident. Rememeber All Is Well saga of Aamir Khan’s Movie and it was based on Research with proven scientific facts.
  8. Make a list of your strong points of you and find how they benefit to you or others?
  9. In your daily life, notice when you do something well. Perhaps you just cleaned up your car and it looks awesome. Maybe you completed a report and it’s the best you’ve ever written.
  10. Celebrate your progress. Take notice of your good fortune.
  11. Choose optimism as a daily approach to everything. Strive to be positive in life’s journey.

How Technology Is Shaping Our Future Transport

How Technology Is Shaping Our Future Transport


How Technology Is Shaping Our Future Transport : Transportation technology is progressing at a much slower pace than some of the other sciences such as information technology, biotech, and nanotechnology. As an example, the world’s human speed record was set in 1969, a full 37 years ago, when Thomas Stafford, John Young, and Gene Cernan flew in Apollo 10 at 24,790 mph. While there is much talk about flying at a speed that approaches the speed of light, very little effort is actually being expended in this area.

However, transportation technology is about to move ahead more rapidly in the coming years with the advent of two radically new technologies – frictionless vehicles and binary power.
Throughout history we have learned that the two principle driving forces of humanity are freedom and control. While current automotive technology gives us the freedom to drive as fast or slow as our vehicle will take us, and control over our timing and direction, we are still restricted to driving on the ground and we have a hornet’s nest of laws to contend with regarding speed, flow, and operation.
Understanding the “freedom and control” drivers is key to understanding the future of transportation. Any new forms of transportation that do not measurably improve our sense of freedom or give us added control of our lives will likely fail in the marketplace.
In the near future, automotive companies will focus on fully automated vehicles where people can “punch in” or “speak” the place they want to go to and the vehicle will automatically take them there. This “control feature” will open up huge additional markets for automotive companies to sell to the elderly, families with kids too young to drive, and the visually, physically, and mentally impaired. The arrival of fully automated navigation systems for ground-based vehicles will set the stage for fully automated navigation systems for flying vehicles.

Around 2030 we will see commercialization of the first friction-free no-moving-parts flying vehicles which will be considered by many to be the ultimate freedom machine. Much like the transition from analog to digital in the world of information technology, the study of traditional mechanics and traditional aerodynamics will be replaced with a new physics governing vehicular movement.

The flying car era will really begin around 2015 with flying drones. Flying drones will be used by FedEx and UPS to deliver packages, Pizza Hut to deliver pizzas, and Kroger and Safeway to deliver groceries. But beyond that, drones will enable homes to be taken off the grid with delivery of water and electricity (changing out batteries for the home), trash and sewage pickup, and much more. These too will begin as air-powered vehicles and later convert to frictionless drones.

The friction-free no-moving-parts vehicles will run on what we call “binary power”. Binary power is the concept where two otherwise harmless beams of energy will intersect at some point in space creating a source of power.


Community Puzzled After Meditating Buddha Boy Goes Without Food or Water For 10 Months

Community Puzzled After Meditating Buddha Boy Goes Without Food or Water For 10 Months


A legend is growing in Nepal, where people say a meditating boy hasn’t eaten or drunk in seven months. He barely moves, just sits under a tree, still as a stone. It’s impossible, some say. Is it a miracle? A hoax? Let’s find out.



Is it possible for humans to not eat or consume water for longer than 3 or 4 days? What used to be scientifically impossible is now under great question as a teenage boy in South-Central Nepal meditated for 10 months and did not consume food or water during the entire time. This story is receiving more attention these days as the world continues to open up to new possibilities. Ram Bahadur Bomjon, also known as “Buddha Boy” decided one day to go to a tree in Nepal and begin meditating for what he initially said would be 6 years. His actions quickly became a huge news story as he received attention from thousands of visitors. The media also had a field day with his story as he attracted journalists and film makers from all over the world. One of the most notable pieces of attention came when a Discovery Channel film crew traveled to Nepal to determine if it was possible for a human to abstain from all forms of sustenance.

Going into the film, the general understanding was that a human could live for several weeks without food simply by living off of fat and protein stores within the body. The troubling thing when it came to studying Buddha Boy was that the average human can only last about 3 or 4 days without water; he was being observed for longer than 4 days and was showing no signs of dehydration. To determine whether or not it was an elaborate hoax, the film crew set up cameras for 96 straight hours where they observed his every move -or lack there of. Their observations determined there were no hidden water pipes or food sources. What they were witnessing through their extensive filming was what some would call a scientific impossibility.

A meditating teenage boy in south-central Nepal who went without food or water for 10 months has changed the way we look at modern science and medicine forever. In 2006, Discovery Channel film crew traveled to Nepal to establish if it was possible for a human to abstain from all sustenance, water included, by filming “Buddha Boy” continuously for four days and nights. Ram Bahadur Bomjon, also known as “Buddha Boy” attracted thousands of visitors and media attention when he began his mysterious meditation without food and water on 16 May 2005. Most people can live without food for several weeks, with the body drawing on its fat and protein stores. But the average human can survive for only three to four days without water. The film crew was able to film Ram continuously for 96 hours, day and night, during which time he did not change his position and did not drink any fluids or eat any food. The film crew concluded that: “After 96 hours of filming, Ram has defied modern science by continuing his meditation and remaining alive.”

So this belongs in our Truth category. It’s easy to admire the other-worldly devotion and transcendence of this unique human. Nepal’s Ram Bahadur Bomjon was an odd child who left to meditate, as long as 9 months at a time, according to accounts. He’s now on his way to establishing what will surely become a huge source of tourism for Nepal, although there has not been any significant scientific study of this remarkable ascetic. His first recorded public appearance to a sizable crowd happened in 2007. On 2 August 2007, Bomjon addressed a large crowd in Halkhoriya jungle in the Bara district of southern Nepal.

Who is Buddha Boy? This article is the second part of my previous article ‘Is Ram Bahadur Bomjon Reincarnation of Lord Buddha?’ which became remarkably popular across the internet. One of the live characters of the real story of Ram Bahadur Bomjon, namely Marici Zsuzsanna Takacs of Slovakia interacted me through this blog and wished to read another piece on this topic. The article is also proudly getting organic readers sent by Google for the latest search on Ram Bahadur Bomjon. Above all, I am morally obliged to write another article on the Buddha Boy. Let’s begin the short and sweet journey.

Surprising News: Ram Bahadur Bomjon’s Biography in Course book
Shubharambha Publication, Kathmandu has included the biography of Ram Bahadur Bomjon in its ‘Spark English Reader’ the course book designed for the students of Grade V of private schools in Nepal. According to Himalkhabar Magazine, the chapter with the title ‘Ram Bahadur Bomjon’ has covered many informations about Ram Bahadur Bomjon. See some examples:
– Ram Bahadur Bomjon is the reincarnation of Lord Buddha.
– He has meditated without food and water for several months.
– He had been fed by two Nags {holy snakes} during his meditation.
– He had visited many places like Lumbini, Pokhara and Deharadun before he started Meditation.

What Do Buddhists Think about Buddha Boy? : ”Do you know the Buddha boy of Nepal?” I asked this question to Mr. Sugra Lama, a 40 years old famous, dedicated Buddhist of Nepal. ”Yes.” He replied. ”Do you think he is the incarnation of Lord Buddha?” ”He does not say he is Buddha.” ”OK, do you say like that?’ ”Gautama Buddha says everyone can be Buddha.” Mr. Lama replied.

The Mysterious Event : According to a website of Nijgadh, Ram Bahadur Bomjon’s brothers Ganagajeet, Shyam and Babu along with sister Manamaya have already gone to Malaysia for employment. The sudden movement of this family has made a mysterious question for all. The family has enough land for agriculture in the village. However they have gone foreign country for employment.

Where is Ram Bahadur Bomjon Now? : According to the Himalkhabar Magazine of Nepal, he had left Halkhoria forest one year ago. He had gone to Kamalamai municipality of Sindhuli. But he decided to return Halkhoria. Before he returned, Nepal police destroyed his two houses made in jungle. Now he is living at Pattharghat-1, of Sarlahi district in Nepal.

Is Ram Bahadur Bomjon Reincarnation of Lord Buddha? : Wednesday, February 06, 2013 Religion No comments
I found lots of articles and people searching on the web about Ram Bahadur Bomjon, also called the Buddha Boy born in Nepal which is the birth place of Gautam Buddha. Coincidentally, the name of the mother of this Buddha Boy is also Mayadevi. There are a number of websites and blogs on the web which narrate stories of Ram Bahadur Bomjon. It is pretty good to inform you that Ratanpur, Nepal, birth place of Ram Bahadur Bomjon is just 10 km far from my hometown. This fact obliged me to write at least a single article about him. Even though, my words in this article about Ram Bahadur Bomjon are not my personal thoughts. What I believe and what I don’t about Ram Bahadur Bomjon is part of another article. In this article I am writing those things about him which I knew from ave news, a news television of Nepal, Prateek Daily, a local Magazine from Birgunj and some local people talking about him. So you can read and believe this article by using your own conscience.

This Buddha boy was highlighted by national and international Medias when he began his mysterious meditation without food and water on 16th May 2005. Discovery Channel also broadcasted a 45 minutes documentary about him. Then, thousand of devotees, researchers and common people began to flood in the Ratanpur Jungle to visit this new Buddha. People believed him as reincarnation of Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. His parents narrated his story of childhood as divine story. A specialized website was also created on him.
Buddha Boy’s popularity declined with time. Several rumors began to be heard in the community. Mostly negative messages spread. I collected some stories scattered in the society. Some of them are listed below:
Lately, Ram Bahadur Bomjon’s two storied building had been found in the Halkhoriya forest where he was staying for a long time. The government officials blames that his frequently moving nature has caused deforestation. The ave news reports that his supporters also demanded citizenship in the name of religion. They also demanded Red Passport for him. Prateek Daily says that Nepal Police have already decided to destroy the constructed buildings in Halkhoria Jungle. He has left the jungle on 32nd Jestha, 2069 BS. Now the construction has been totally destroyed by the Nepal police. But he has not come back yet. He is actually staying in Sindhuli district of Nepal.

10 rules of Business Success

10 rules of Business Success


Here are the rules –

1. Adequate knowledge of the business:
Almost without exception, there is only one way to make a great deal of money in the business world–and that is in one’s own business. The man who wants to go into business for himself should choose a field which he knows and understands. Obviously, he can’t know everything there is to know from the very beginning, but he should not start until he has acquired a good, solid working knowledge of the business.


There’s no way one can run a business successfully without having adequate knowledge of the nitty gritty of the particular business he or she is venturing into. Take your time to learn as much as you can about the particular industry, market and peculiar characteristics of the prospective customers your product or service will serve. Also, make sure you have the necessary skills needed as the leader of the business. Remember, “time spent learning and planning is considered an investment in business and the knowledge eventually acquired is an asset and competitive advantage to the business.”

2. Commitment to the central purpose of a business:
The businessman should never lose sight of the central aim of all business–to produce more and better goods or to provide more and better services to more people (customers) at lower cost.


In the words of Management Guru, Peter F. Drucker, to know what a business is, we have to start with its purpose. Its purpose must lie outside of the business itself. In fact, it must lie in society since business enterprise is an organ of society. There is only one valid definition of business purpose: to create a customer. This then is achieved through the continuous production of more and better goods or the provision of more and better services to the society at lower cost. Because its purpose is to create a customer, the business enterprise has two–and only these two–basic functions: MARKETING and INNOVATION. It is not necessary for a business to grow BIGGER; but it is necessary that it constantly grows BETTER. A businessman or woman who runs a business that isn’t doing this should not hope to achieve any form of business success.

 3. Financial management:

A sense of thrift (economy) is essential for success in business. The businessman must discipline himself to practice economy wherever possible, in his personal life as well as his business affairs. “Make your money first – then THINK about spending it,” is the best mantra for the man who wishes to succeed!


There’s no way a business can be successfully managed without a good sense of money management on the part of the business owner. There must be a clear line of difference between ‘necessary expenses’ and ‘luxury expenses’. Always remember you’re not in business to satisfy your own personal desires, but to satisfy your customers’ desires consistently through the production of more and better goods or the provision of more and better services at lower cost. To do this, firstly, you must practice budgeting–a process of prioritizing necessary expenses essential to the survival and operational stability of the business. Secondly, negotiate everything! Always strive for a bargain no matter how small or intangible it may seem.

4. Seek continuous growth through necessary expansion:
Legitimate opportunities for expansion should never be overlooked or ignored. On the other hand, the businessman must always be on his guard against the temptation to
over expand or launch expansion programs blindly, without sufficient justification and planning. Forced growth can be fatal to any business, new or old.


Every business like every child ultimately wants to grow; this is the natural inclination of every living entity. The alert businessman or woman would seek various
ways through which the business can grow through expansions. There are a few strategies for business expansion such as; buying over other related businesses, licensing of products or services,
selling of franchises, opening of more branches, creation of strategic alliances and the cheapest; network marketing. Adequate planning and research must be fully carried out before any of these strategies can be adopted.
Any business which fails to grow through necessary expansion faces the risk of extinction!

5. You’re the BOSS, call the shots:
A businessman must run his own business. He cannot expect his employees to think or do as well as he can. If they could, they would not be his employees. When “The Boss” delegates authority or responsibility, he must maintain close and constant supervision over the subordinates entrusted with it.


The great Inventor and entrepreneur, Henry Ford was once accused of being uneducated and rather than feel offended he posed a challenge telling his accusers to ask him any question whatsoever. With every question asked, Henry Ford simply called upon any of his workers who was qualified enough academically to answer the questions. On answering all the questions through his workers, his accusers claimed to have proved their allegations of Henry Ford’s illiteracy.Henry Ford smiling made a profound statement which will never go down in history; “I don’t bother to do the work anyone can do, I do the hardest work of all–thinking, which only a few men can do.” The few men who can think are those who become business owners employing those who cannot think but simply follow orders. Your key task as a businessman or woman lies in these words: directing human activities. And only those who know how to think can direct those who don’t think. To do this, you have to know a little about a lot (versatility) and employ those who know a lot about a few (specialization).

6. Seek continuous improvement:
The businessman must be constantly alert for new ways to improve his products or services and increase his production and sales. He should also use prosperous periods
to find the ways by which techniques and operational processes may be improved and costs lowered. It is only human for people to give little though to economies when
business is booming. That, however, is just the time when the businessman has the mental elbow room to examine his operations calmly and objectively and thus effect
important savings without sacrificing quality or efficiency. Many businessmen wait for lean periods to do these things and, as a result, often hit the panic button and
slash costs in the wrong places.


Success they say is a lazy teacher who makes her student complacent and comfortable. The best time to examine your business and seek ways for improvement isn’t when it’s declining, but rather when it is booming. A businessman or woman who desires success in business must deliberately seek out more and more ways of improving their business operations, products or services long before it becomes an emergency. Entrepreneurship is not a destination one is heading to, but a journey one embarks on; it has no end but death.

In other words, there is no stationary spot or a point for resting on one’s laurels. Areas through which improvements can be channeled includes; business processes or
systems, cost of production or cost of service delivery, product or service features and benefits, human resources, research and development, customer relationship management, finance, distribution etc. Remember, “opportunity is a haughty goddess who wastes no time with those who are unprepared”. Now, not later or tomorrow, is always the time to make room for improvement!

7. Take only justified risks:
A businessman must be willing to take risks – to risk his own capital and lose his credit and to risk borrowed money as well when, in his considered opinion, the risks are justified. But borrowed money must promptly be repaid. Nothing will write finis to a career faster than a bad credit rating.


Taking risks in order to meet the needs and solve the problem of the society is the essence of entrepreneurship. However, not all risks are worth taking. A businessman or woman who desires to be successful in business would always evaluate and analyze any risk they choose to take so as to justify its viability.

It has always been said, “It’s not the entrepreneur with the best idea that wins but the entrepreneur with an idea whose time has come.” Adequate care must be taken in ensuring that whatever project or venture a businessman or woman chooses to embark on has a positive return on investment (ROI). There are various tools that can be used to analyze the viability of a venture or project some of which are; Best/Worst analysis (BWA), capital budgeting techniques, SWOT analysis etc.

8. Seek new business opportunities:
A businessman must constantly seek new horizons and untapped or under-exploited markets. Today’s shrewd businessman looks to foreign markets.


Businesses exists because of the opportunities created by the needs and problems of the society in which they operate. If these needs or problems weren’t present, the entrepreneur wouldn’t have any cause to go into business in the first place. Each need or problem represents a business opportunity usually called an ‘untapped-market’.It becomes paramount then to the alert businessman or woman who desires to succeed in any business to constantly be on the lookout for more needs or problems that may represent business opportunities within the society in which they operate. Taking advantage of these opportunities is what innovation is all about. An innovative business is one that is alert to the needs and problems of the market it serves. Once a business becomes dead or indifferent to the needs and problems of the society, its demise is inevitable. In today’s world, the society in which a business operates has greater implications as a result of the changes created by Information and Communications Technology (ICT). The world as we know is now a global village making the operating environment in which businesses function to be unlimited. A local business enterprise can fully meet the needs and solve the problems of an international market through the aid of Information and Communications Technology.

For example, millions of businesses are created on the internet every day, businesses open up branches in different parts of the world as a result of strategic alliances/partnerships formed over the internet, goods and services are now being bought and sold online, meetings are held in various places over the internet across the world. Never before in the history of mankind has such a time like this where opportunities abound for the alert businessman or woman to capitalize on and make the most of the ‘boundary-less markets’ open to them.

9. Trust is a social capital:
Nothing builds confidence and volume faster or better than a reputation for standing behind one’s work or products. Guarantees should always be honoured–and in doubtful cases, the decision should always be in the customers’ favour. A generous service policy should always be maintained. The firm that is known to be completely reliable will have little difficulty filling its order books and keeping them filled.


Business at its very core is a social activity. The whole concept of business is built around human interaction. All the parties needed for the successful operations of a business are people; your customers, employees, suppliers, professional partners, etc., are all people. So there’s hardly any thing one can do in the world of business without dealing with people or social interaction.

This places a great burden on the character of every businessman or woman much more than they probably bargained for. In the world of business, whether you’re just starting out or you’re an established entrepreneur, your character is a valuable asset that must be jealously guarded. Before you became a businessman or woman, very few people counted on you and how you lived your personal life.

The moment you choose to start your own business, the reverse is the case; every one within the world of business watches your every move and character. Your employees look up to you for leadership, your customers hold on to your brand promises, your suppliers bank on your credit worthiness, your professional partners count on your integrity.

Everywhere you turn in the world of business, your character as an entrepreneur is daily put to test; your long term success in business will greatly depend on how well you are perceived by those you work with in business. Do you keep your word to your customers, employees, suppliers, professional partners? Do you sell or produce inferior goods or services?

Do you cut corners to get the project done? Do you make all the money and treat your employees like rags? Are you sincere and honest in your business dealings? What you must always bear in mind at all times is this; “business is like making babies, you can’t do it alone!” And the golden rule of dealing with people is; “do unto others as you would have them do unto you–treat people like they would like to be treated”

10. You are an instrument of nature:
No matter how many millions an individual amasses, if he is in business he must always consider his wealth as a means of improving living conditions everywhere. He must remember that he has the responsibilities toward his associates, employees, stockholders–and the public.


Entrepreneurship is a call that is obeyed. There is a spiritual side to it. History is filled with great men and women who built businesses that have significantly improved our existence as humans here on earth. Imagine what the world would have been like if there weren’t people like Thomas Edison who invented light bulb? Imagine a world without computers; would there ever be a term like global village? Imagine a world where we had to gaze at the sun to know what time of the day it is?

There are countless examples the world over of breakthrough inventions that has radically changed our existence, all these were made possible by men and women like you and I who felt it more compelling to use their wealth and talents for the good of humanity rather than wallowing in their own fantasies enjoying all the good their wealth can possibly buy. Entrepreneurs are the architects of civilization. We are the instruments of nature being used for the good of humanity.