Author Archives: k7 kitchens

Kitchen Carcass , Shutter and Accessories Manufacturers in India – K7 Karpenters


K7 is the Prominent & Leading Manufacturer of Modular Kitchen, Wardrobe and Interior Designing and Commercial Kitchen Equipment and other related products. Our range is manufactured using high grade raw material for Excellent Functions.

Our range withstands High Temperature and Defect Free Quality Standard is maintained to make it Durable and & Trustworthy.


We are the only manufacturing company of India dealing with 100 % Assam Plywood Carcass – 8 layers of plywood used and shutter solutions which comes with 10 years of replacement warranty.

Types of Carcass : 

  • Hamertone : Prices start @ Rs. 190/sq.ft

hamertone_k7karpenters sample

Hamertone Cabinets :


  • White Laminate : Prices start @ Rs. 400/sq.ft

Types of Shutter :

  • Glossy Laminates : Prices start @ Rs. 230/sq.ft

We are expanding business through B2B, B2C, B2B2B modules.

For more details please visit our website



Cooking mistakes which make you increase the risk of cancer

Cooking mistakes which make you increase the risk of cancer

Cooking mistakes which make you increase the risk of cancer_k7lifestyle

Beside cooking delicious, house-wives also should keep an eye during cooking if they want their family’s health are protected.

Reusing cooking oil several times

Reusing cooking oil is one of habits cooking of many housewifes. When be heated several times, the chemical composition of oil quickly changes.

Specifically, vitamins A, E and some nutrients in the oil are destroyed, toxins appear as aldehyde, fatty acid oxide. These substances entering the body will destroy the enzyme causes indigestion, causing headaches, dizziness, abdominal pain, increased risk of cancer …
Turn off the hood too early

Gas stove handy, was selected as a cooking utensil for many families but it’s not really good for people’s health.

In use, gas stoves emit large amounts of carbon monoxide, formaldehyde and nitrogen dioxide. Three types of gases are found in cigarette smoke as passive smoking. To be healthy, you just turn it off after cooking hood finished 3-5 minutes to ensure emissions are escaping altogether.

Cooking with too much grease

Compared with people who consumed less fat, people often eat greasy have higher risk of breast cancer. The reason is eating much grease will lead to obesity.
Obese women have higher levels of ostrogen and insulin than women who have balance shape.

These is also a factor that causes breast cancer and endometrial.

Heat oil too hot

Do not wait till the oil streams. It’s not good for your health. It not only makes unpleasant odours, but also destroys the antioxidant effects of oil. More seriously, the oil can form harmful substances.

Cooking with too much salt

Salt increases the flavor to dishes but it also directly harms to the body. Experts from the US National Cancer Institute (NIC) said, eating too much salt diets is the culprit causing stomach cancer susceptible because it increases the risk of bacterial infections which cause fibroids.

Adding too much sugar to recipes

Although not directly cause cancer, but the absorption of large sugar increases the risk of overweight and obesity. Meanwhile, obesity causes changes in the levels of insulin and sex hormones in the body. This change impacts increase the risk of developing cancer of the breast, colon and uterus.

cooking mistakes_k7lifestyle

Do not wash pots before cooking

Many housewives make the common mistake that cooking with a cleanness pot. This habit led grease and food scraps before exposure to high temperatures produce benzopyrene – substance capable of causing cancer. Preferably, you should take the time to wash the pot before you start to cook a different dish.


How to Save Money when You Have a Spending Habit

How to Save Money when You Have a Spending Habit


Everybody loves money especially spending money. A lot of the things people buy are not needed: new clothes, gadgets and night life are not always necessary. The economy is rough, getting jobs is tough, so you need to value your money. Sadly, many people don’t have a high a financial IQ. They know how to make money, but not sure how to save and spend it. If your able to manage your money right–you will be able to treat yourself more comfortable and more often in the long run.

Here are some of the steps with which you can save money even while spending enough:

1.Realize that you have a problem. The first step to solve any issue is to be self aware. It’s easy to be in denial, so if you’re conscious of your habits then you already won half of the battle. When you’re aware of the negative spending habits, you start second guessing every cash exchange, swipe and proceed to checkout click. Even if you continue to spend carelessly, the “should I do this” thought will linger in the back of your mind.
2.Open up a savings account. When preserving money, you need a savings account. It’s safer than holding cash in your house and it’s easier to manage. Pick a bank of your choice and physically go to that bank and sit down with a bank representative. They will thoroughly discuss everything you need to know about your new account; it’s easier to understand when speaking face to face. Have them walk through with you and set up an online banking account to help manage your money with that bank.
3.Separate your wants from your needs. It’s obvious that you can’t avoid spending money on certain things: bills, children and food is a must. Other things you can live without. You don’t need to upgrade your phone when it is due—you want to upgrade it. You don’t need to buy that extra Big Mac—you want the extra food. You don’t need the premium cable package when you’re barely home to watch TV in the first place—you want the premium cable package.
4.Create a new zero. After you budget your monthly expenses and cut back from all the things you don’t need, set a new benchmark in your savings that you cannot go below. For example: if after all your expenses each month you usually end up with $500 in your account—act like that’s zero. Do everything in your power not to have your account fall below $500. Now lets say time passes and you save a little more money, make $550 your new zero and keep doing this system forever.
5.Pay yourself before you pay Uncle Sam. When people first get their paychecks or if it’s the time of the month that their bills are do, they are quick to throw all their money at those companies they owe. Hold on for a second—take a step back and relax, ease off the pressure. The first thing you do when you get your money is put a certain amount that you’re comfortable with into your savings. Before any bills are paid, before any money is spent, give yourself the money you worked hard for before giving it to the government. Realistically, what’s the worst that happen if you’re a few days late when your bills are due? Credit yourself first.
6.Develop Will-power. You will see commercials, you will see other people with nice things, and friends will tempt you to take a night out of town. There is much power in saying the word no. Stay strong and keep reminding yourself that you’re trying to value your money and not let it go to waste.
7.Set goals. Much like step five, have a benchmark. This is important: it gives you a standard. Take out a pen and paper and write them down. You will only go out to eat once a month—goal. You will make sure to cut off the lights every night to save electricity–goal. You will walk to certain places to instead of driving to save gas—goal.
8.Don’t be afraid of coupons. When shopping, plan before you buy. Grocery shopping, book shopping etc. When you’re in need of an item, take your time before purchasing. Go to the best place so you can get the best deal. Don’t be afraid to be called cheap, your saving money. Groupon is an excellent place to look for coupons and if you are online shopping, go on Saving a couple bucks with each coupon will add up more than you think in the long run.
10.Treat yourself. After you trained yourself in this new found saving habit, there is nothing wrong with spending a little bit of money on yourself. You worked hard for this paycheck; you deserve it. Remember, be responsible and don’t forget your priorities. Do not spend more than you make—this is an ultimate no. Stay within your budget, stay within your living means, and enjoy the things that you buy yourself.

How to save the Tiger?

How to save the tiger


The tiger, one of the most magnificent animals in the world, is also one of the most endangered. A cat of beauty, strength, and majesty, the tiger is master of all and subject to none — except humans. Of the eight original subspecies of tigers, three have become extinct within the last 60 years; and there are less than 50 South China tigers left on this planet — few, and possibly none, survive in the wild.

There are five different kinds or subspecies of tiger alive in the world today. These tigers are called Siberian, South China, Indochinese, Bengal, and Sumatran. Their Latin name is Panthera tigris. Tigers are an endangered species; only about 5,000 to 7,400 tigers are left in the wild. Three tiger subspecies, the Bali, Javan, and Caspian tigers have become extinct in the past 70 years.

Poachers are continuing to exterminate the world’s remaining Tigers. New demand across Southeast Asia for the skins, teeth and claws of tigers is endangering much of the great cats, particularly the Sumatran tiger. Currently, the demand for Tiger parts is centered in several parts of Asia where there is a strong market for traditional medicines made from items like tiger bone and body parts. Volumes are sizeable and there has been little enforcement action against poachers and traders.
What Needs to be Done to Save the Tiger:
Here are some steps by which the Tiger can be saved from extinction-
(1) Local institutions and people Scientists who were closely involved in managing tigers at the local level, Hemendra Panwar of India and Hemanta Mishra of Nepal, pointed out an important lesson more than a decade ago: unless local community needs are met, conservation of the tiger will not succeed and protected areas will perish. Therefore, conservation programmes must reconcile the interests of people and tigers. In most situations, a sustainable tiger conservation strategy cannot be achieved without the full participation and collective action of individual rural households whose livelihoods depend on rights of access and use of the forests where tigers live.
(2) Technologies for conservation of resources There already exists a wide range of technologies and practices in forest and watershed management and agriculture, both traditional and new, for conservation of resources. The biological processes that regenerate forests and make agriculture less damaging to tiger habitats take time to become established.
(3) Use of external institutions Institutions, such as NGOs, government departments, and banks, can facilitate processes by which local people develop their sense of ownership and commitment. When little effort is made to build local skills, interest, and capacity, people have no interest or stake in maintaining structures or practices once the incentives for conservation stop. Success hinges on people’s participation in planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation, which leads to the formation of new institutions or the strengthening of existing ones.
(4) Last but not the least conservation of tiger habitat and of prey In many areas peripheral to tiger habitat, grazing lands for livestock have been converted to crops or degraded by excessive use; livestock is of poor quality and of poor productivity; wood for fuel and building has been exhausted; and sources of income are limited. The rehabilitation of the natural resource base of local people is essential if they are not to seek their requirements in protected areas. This requires eco development with the support and cooperation of specialized government organs and the non-governmental conservation community.

Apple soon to launch wireless headphones

Apple soon to launch wireless headphones


here is a rumor that points out to the demise of 3.5mm headphone jack on iPhone 7. There is a report from iPhone Supply Chain that confirms this information. It adds that a Lightning ‘convert up’ would be made available which allows the headphones with 3.5mm outlet to pair up with Lightning connector.

Last year, there were claims by Apple that it had plans of ditching the 3.5mm headphone jack for reducing the thickness of the iPhone by 1mm. This new report adds that Apple is also planning to promote its wireless headset. Claims were made by the previous report that the same size would be retained by the Lightning Connector and there would also be a digital to analogue converter with wired headphones for backwards compatibility.

The removal of the jack won’t go well with the users. Almost laptops, desktops, tablets and smartphones ship with the audio port. Considering the past record of Apple, removal of this port wouldn’t materialize. The compact disk drive was ditched by the company from the computer lineup with MacBook Air and soon it was done by other rival manufacturers as well.

Last year, the launch of MacBook was seen by the company having just 1 USB Type-C port for power input and data transfer. Besides, since a while now, the company has been giving hints of dislike towards this 3.5mm jack. In the year 2014, the MFi program specifications were introduced by the company so that 3rd- party manufacturers can make earphones that can connect well with iPad and iPhone through Lightning cable.

E-Cig no better than normal cigarettes, can kill cells

E-Cig no better than normal cigarettes, can kill cells


A new study has warned that e-cigs are equally dangerous than normal cigarettes and can cause cancer as well. While testing in lab researchers have found that vapours emitted from electronic devices can damage human cells and in extreme those vapours can kill cells.

Previous studies have suggested that nicotine in cigarette damages human cells. Wang-Rodriguez, chief of pathology at the San Diego branch of the US Department of Veteran Affairs, says that they have found some other products along with nicotine that affects cells. According to study authors, nicotine present in the e-cigs cannot harm so much and there must be other components in the e-cigarettes that are doing this damage. However, researchers haven’t identified those compounds yet.The US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) that regulate nicotine products does not regulate e-cigs. However, FDA has warned people of negative effects of smoke from electronic devices.

The US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) that regulate nicotine products does not regulate e-cigs. However, FDA has warned people of negative effects of smoke from electronic devices. For the study, Rodriquez tested two variants of e-cigs — nicotine and nicotine free version. Nicotine version makes a person addictive and affects cells, researchers already knew that. However, study authors were astonished to see that nicotine free version too altered cells and killed some cells in extreme cases.

Currently, there are more than 500 brands of e-cig and their marketing strategies makes them appear to the public that e-cigs are safe and will not cause any harm to health. Thus, attractive advertisement encourages people in using e-cig and develops a belief that e-cigs are safe when compared to regular cigarettes. According to reports, more than 2.6 million people use e-cigarettes in the UK itself and India is not far behind. Rodriguez further added that more research is needed to study the long-term effect of e-cigs.

The study appeared in the journal Oral Oncology.

Complex Alien Life in Old, Dense Star Clusters

Complex Alien Life in Old, Dense Star Clusters


For many years a lot of researchers and scientists are working in order to identify the existence of extra-terrestrial life in the outer space, the proceedings of the research are not leading to any fruitful results. A pair of scientists at the Tata Insitute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai has said that they might be hiding out in the unexamined star clusters.

The globular star clusters holding millions of stars in a ball that is about 100 light-years far from our solar system. In the clusters there could be a planet 10 billion year old giving the time to intelligent beings to evolve and become space-advancing. The Milky way has 150 globular clusters that are formed from the oldest known stars, most of being neglected and researchers are only able to discover that not have the features to sustain life.

Recently presented at 227th meeting of the American Astronomical Society, the scientists are raising concern that the clusters can pose a challenge for the habitability of the planets. Having strong gravitational forces the stars in the globular clusters are close to each other, the power of the force is so much that it can rip the solar systems apart.

According to the scientists any civilization present can survive for much longer and is likely to still be around, if the civilization is destroyed then it must passed on the information or people to another planet.


Was Lord Shiva the greatest environmentalist of the world?

Was Lord Shiva the greatest environmentalist of the world?

lord shiva_k7lifestyle

.A paper named Lord Shiva: The Greatest Environmentalist in the World, was presented by Indian professor in the 103rd Indian Science Congress Association. The paper states that Lord Shiva was visionary and most environment-friendly man ever to live on Eart. He used animals for transportation, protected plants and did many more things to protect environment.

The ongoing Indian Science Congress in Mysore is now getting into a controversy for a couple of papers being showcased proposing Lord Shiva as the greatest environmentalist of the world. The selected papers were prepared by Akhilesh K. Pandey with the title Lord Shiva: The Greatest Environmentalist in the World, pointing Lord Shiva and the powers possessed as Lord of Mount Kailash accessed for providing purified water to living beings.

However the papers were unable to be presented as Dr. Pandey got a last minute injury on the leg while on the staircase, leaving the attendees to hear the lecture from Rajeev Sharma, additional commissioner of Kanpur on blowing of shankh for achieving health and wellness. The selection of the paper for the segment of the environmental conversation triggered a lot of heat on social media with the accusation of sponsoring non-scientific subject to the organizers and University of Mysore.

On the subject, Pandey cleared his view and said “My absence had nothing to do with the controversy. I injured my leg and that’s why I couldn’t come, he added, “It is important that people around us understand the importance of conserving plants and animals today”. He further added that family of Lord Shiva used animals for transportation and conserved plants that protected our environment. The papers presented at the 103rdIndian Science Congress undergo intense analysis before it is passed to be presented to the attendees.

Last year Congress held at Mumbai also encountered some sharp reactions from various communities representing scientists.

Now the rise in pollution in our environment has made many people think of the means in order to restrain the casualties and threats possessed due to it. After Delhi’s Odd and Even rule for the vehicles, a lot of people in other states are seeking for methods that can help the citizens to prevent the fatalities.

Top 10 Environmental Issues Facing Our Planet

Top 10 Environmental Issues Facing Our Planet

environment threat_k7lifestyle

Our planet earth has a natural environment, known as ‘Ecosystem’ which includes all humans, plant life, mountains, glaciers, atmosphere, rocks, galaxy, massive oceans and seas. It also includes natural resources such as water, electric charge, fire, magnetism, air and climate.

Engineering developments are resulting in resource depletion and environmental destruction. Modern technologies used in the engineering and manufacturing industry have a major impact on our life in past few years. Due to the rapid changes in the engineering and manufacturing industry have been drastic changes in the environment.

Engineering and manufacturing industry have increased the use of materials like metals, plastic, oil and rubber.  These are used in the production of numerous end products which can be associated with different industries such as Car production units, shipping industries, Cotton mills, plastics industries, Coal mining, heavy machineries and etc which are causing numerous arduous effects and are considered to be non-environment friendly.

Crucial environmental issues are no more a blame game. While most of us crib about dirty air, smelly garbage or polluted water, least do we know it is “us” who is responsible for this unfavorable circumstances leading to cautionary environmental issues.

Here are 10 significant current environmental issues, where human beings play an important role in its cause.

1. Pollution: More than half of the human population knows what is pollution, but we are still not ready to face its damaging consequences. Pollution is not only limited to water, soil and noise but has extended to light, visual, point and non-point sources. Human beings and their actions are majorly responsible for causing all types of pollution. Water pollution is essentially cause by oil spills, urban runoff and ocean dumping. Air pollution rises from burning of fossil fuels, hydraulic fracturing and gases emitted by vehicles. Water and soil pollution are majorly cause from industrial waste.

2. Climate Change: Climate change today is less of a natural process. It is rapidly occurring due to the ill effects of human actions responsible for disturbing and harmful out comings such as global warming, greenhouse effect, urban heat, coal industry etc. Climate change is not only changing the overall weather scenario, but has larger and harmful effects. Some of these  include: melting of polar regions, occurrence of new diseases and permanent inhibition in growth of certain plants essential for human survival.

3. Global Warming: Global warming is another environmental issue which is increase in earth’s temperature due to effect of greenhouse gases called carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor and other gases. These gases possess heat trapping capacity that are needed to create greenhouse effect so that this planet remains warm for people to survive. Without these gases, this planet would turn be cold for life to exist.

During past several decades, the accumulation of greenhouse gases have grown rapidly, which means more heat gets trapped in the atmosphere and few of these gases escapes back into the space. These gases heat up the earth’s surface and this results in global warming. According to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports, the earth’s temperature has increased by 0.8 degrees Celsius over the past century. Global warming is a serious public health and environmental concern. Global warming can have long lasting effects which can result in melting of glaciers, climate change, droughts, diseases and increase in hurricanes frequency.

4. Deforestation: With population growing at a rapid pace, the demand for food, shelter and cloth has almost tripled in last few decades. To overcome growing demand, a direct action that we have come to recognize as “Deforestation” occurs.  Deforestation means, clearing of forests or green cover for means of agriculture, industrial or urban use.  It involves permanent end of forest cover to make that land available for residential, commercial or industrial purpose.

5. Overpopulation: This is a never-ending human tragedy which is responsible for  causing all types of environmental issues. Water pollution, resources crisis, gender imbalance, pollution, land pollution, urban sprawling, deforestation, over production are some common examples of dangerous effects cause by overpopulation.  Despite efforts taken by the government in terms of family planning in many countries, over population is difficult to control at international level. This has become more like a subjective concern and no method seems to be 100% efficient to resolve the problem of over population.

6. Industrial and Household Waste: At present, tons of garbage is produced by each household each year. Items that can be recycled are sent to local recycling unit while other items become a part of the landfills or sent to third world countries. Due to increase in demand for food, shelter and house, more goods are produced. This resulted in creation of more waste that needs to be disposed of. Most waste is buried underground in landfill sites. The presence of huge landfills sites across the city pose serious environmental concerns. It affects human health, degrades soil quality, effects wildlife, cause air pollution and results in climate change.

7. Acid Rain: Acid rain simply means rain that is acidic in nature due to the presence of certain pollutants in the atmosphere. These pollutants come in the atmosphere due to car or industrial processes. Acid rain can occur in form of rain, snow, fog or dry material that settle to earth. Acid rain may cause due to erupting volcanoes, rotting vegetation and sea sprays that produce sulfur dioxide and fires, bacterial decomposition and lightening generate nitrogen dioxide.

Acid rain can also be caused due to man-made sources which include combustion of fossil fuels which release sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere. Acid rain can have devastating effects on aquatic life, forests, public health and architecture and buildings.

8. Ozone Layer Depletion: Ozone layer is a layer of gas that sits 25-30 km above earth’s surface. It mainly contains contain ozone which is a naturally occurring molecule containing three oxygen atoms. This layer is present in the stratosphere and prevents too many harmful UV (ultra violet) radiations from entering the earth. Ozone layer is capable of absorbing 97-99% of the harmful ultraviolet radiations that are emitted by sun.

However, during last several decades, human and industrial activity has  contributed a lot which has resulted in considerable reduction in the ozone layer of the atmosphere. The main cause of  depletion of ozone layer is determined as excessive release of chlorine and bromine from man-made compounds such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), halons, CH3CCl3 (Methyl chloroform), CCl4 (Carbon tetrachloride), HCFCs (hydro-chlorofluorocarbons), hydrobromofluorocarbons and methyl bromide are found to have direct impact on the depletion of the ozone layer.

9. Genetic Engineering: Genetic modification of food, human and animal organs seems like the gem of science and technology but this has major harmful effects. Biotechnology is an impressive technology but limiting is use is the need of the hour. Genetic engineering is a controversial subject and has seen more ill impacts than the benefits it brings to mankind. Genetic pollution and alteration of food produce not only have harmful effects on human beings, but are responsible for crucial concern known s as ‘genetic modification’. 

10. Urban Sprawl: Not only India and China are classic examples of over population and urban sprawl leading to land degradation. Today almost all countries are using the land irresponsibly to meet the ever-growing demand of the greedy human wishes. The expansion of industrial areas has not only led to land degradation and soil pollution, but the habitat destruction is a terrible misery. Natural environment consisting of flora and fauna is indiscriminately destructed and lost completely instead of being replaced. This in the long run has harmful impact for human survival and cause serious environmental issue.

North Korean Nuclear Issue in China-U.S. Relations

North Korean Nuclear Issue in China-U.S. Relations


Since the North Korean nuclear issue emerged in the early 1990s, it has been of growing importance to China-U.S. relations. On the one hand, China and the United States basically take the same position on the issue: They both call for a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula and oppose the development of nuclear weapons by the two Koreas; and they advocate peaceful settlement of the issue through the Six-Party Talks, because it will determine the prospects for the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons as well as the peace and security of Northeast Asia.However, on the other hand, as major global powers, China and the United States play different roles in the security pattern of the peninsula, which means they have different relations with the two Koreas as well as disagreement on how to peacefully settle the nuclear issue.

How to consolidate the common ground and shared interests on the issue between China and the United States, how to promote their cooperation in the denuclearization of the peninsula and how to reduce mutual suspicions and disagreement on issues that are major concerns for both will not only contribute to a nuclear-free peninsula with lasting peace and stability, but also have a profound impact on the new model of major-country relations between China and the United States.

Basic Policies of China and the United States on the North Korean Nuclear Issue

Due to the Korean War and the lasting influence of the Cold War, China and the United States have entirely different bilateral relations with North Korea, but they share similar positions on the denuclearization of the peninsula and similar concerns.

Throughout the Cold War, China and the United States provided large quantities of military aid to their respective allies, namely South Korea, officially known as the Republic of Korea (ROK), in the case of the United States and North Korea, or the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), in the case of China, but neither offered aid that could generate nuclear or missile proliferation. After South Korea’s secret development of nuclear weapons was revealed in the 1970s, the U.S. government carried out direct interventions to force South Korea to give up the plan.

After the Cold War, two strategic and historic events significantly altered the security pattern of mutual deterrence between North and South Korea: The first referred to the radical change of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe so that North Korea lost a vital foreign economic aid provider and a strong military supporter; second, China accommodated the trend of the times characterized by the end of the Cold War and a thaw in the relations between the two Koreas; thus it normalized its relations with South Korea, leading to a structural change in the “balance of power” between the China-DPRK alliance and the U.S.-ROK alliance. Therefore, the Cold War between China and South Korea came to an end while the Cold War between the two Koreas continued.

The two aforementioned events marked the end of indirect trilateral military collaboration among North Korea, China and the Soviet Union, while trilateral ties among South Korea, the United States and Japan were strengthened. This change fueled the strategic determination of North Koreato accelerate its nuclear weapons program. The nuclear issue became the security focus of the peninsula as well as a new area where exchange, cooperation and conflicts between China and the United States took place.

China has a consistent and clear position on North Korea’s development of nuclear weapons. Whether during or after the Cold War, it has always called for a peninsula that is free of nuclear weapons and opposed any import, deployment or storage of nuclear weapons from abroad by North Korea, as well as the development of nuclear weapons by either Korea. Therefore, although China has been providing extensive and large-scale aid to North Korea since the 1950s, it has never offered aid that might facilitate North Korea’s nuclear weapon development or delivery.

Since the nuclear issue escalated in 1994, China has always made it clear in its bilateral exchange with North Korea that it would firmly oppose North Korea’s development of nuclear weapons. China denounced North Korea’s three nuclear tests in 2006, 2009 and 2013 and it supported and abided by related resolutions and sanctions imposed on North Korea by the UN Security Council. In September 2013, the relevant government departments in China issued an administrative instruction prohibiting any Chinese enterprises from exporting to North Korea more than 900 civilian-military dual-use or sensitive products, a long list of over 300 pages.

Besides, in China’s view, the North Korean nuclear issue is not a simple matter of nuclear proliferation, but a strategic and comprehensive issue concerning the national security of North Korea. Given that, in the efforts to promote a North Korea free of nuclear weapons, consideration should also be given to North Korea’s security, political, economic and diplomatic concerns.

With this in mind, when the North Korean nuclear crisis broke out for a second time in early 2003, leading to acute tension between North Korea and the United States, China made concerted diplomatic efforts to initiate the Six-Party Talks among North and South Korea, the United States, China, Russia and Japan in August 2003. The talks were held under the theme of “denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula”. China also emphasized that the six parties must ensure the denuclearization of the peninsula rather than just North Korea. The Six-Party Talks aim to promote a nuclear-weapons-free North Korea, and establish an institutional arrangement to ensure neither side of the peninsula tests, produces, accepts, possesses, stores, deploys or uses nuclear weapons. Denuclearization refers to the military denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula; both the Koreas still have the right to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, the same as other sovereign states.Thanks to the advocacy and mediation by the Chinese delegation, members of the Six-Party Talks emphasized North Korea’s right of peaceful use of nuclear energy in their September 19 Joint Statement.

As for the denuclearization of North Korea, China has maintained a consistent position, namely promoting the Six-Party Talks by focusing on the nuclear issue itself while removing the external impediment, which is the hostile external environment faced by North Korea. Through the talks, China hopes that a package of comprehensive solutions can be agreed upon by the six parties based on the principles and objectives defined by the September 19 Joint Statement, and progress can be made in the normalization of the relations between North Korea and other countries by replacing the Korean Armistice Agreement in 1953 with a permanent peace treaty for the Korean Peninsula. China also hopes that a cooperation mechanism for Northeast Asia can be established in which North Korea is treated as an equal member.

Unlike China, whose position has remained consistent, the United States has made complicated adjustments in its fundamental policy toward the North Korean nuclear issue. On the one hand, the Washington upholds the basic policy of a nuclear-weapons-free Korean Peninsula; on the other hand, throughout the 20 years of the Clinton administration, the Bush administration and the Obama administration, the United States has adopted three totally different attitudes and policies toward the issue, creating huge uncertainty and wavering.